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Seasonal occurrence of Microcystin-LR with respect to physico-chemical aspects of Beira lake water

Authors:

Sumaiya F Idroos,

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
About Sumaiya F
Department of Zoology
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Pathmalal M Manage

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
About Pathmalal M
Department of Zoology
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Abstract

Cyanobacteria are well known for their ability to produce a group of cyanotoxins referred as microcystins
(MCs). MCs show both acute and chronic hepatotoxic effects on animals and humans. Microcystin-LR
(MCLR) is the dominant type of MCs prevailing in Sri Lankan water bodies. The present study records the
seasonal variation of MCLR, in the Beira lake waters from January 2013 to January 2014 with respect to
some physico-chemical parameters of the lake. Quantification of MCLR was done using photodiode array -
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography method (PDA-HPLC). The physico-chemical parameters of the water
body were measured using standard methods. Microcystis aeruginosa, Microcystis wesenbergii and
Microcystis incerta, were the toxic cyanobacterial species present in the Beiralake while Microcystis
aeruginosa (49.63%) was the dominant species. MCLR concentration of the lake varied between 11.45±0.73 to 17.57±0.13 μg/ml throughout the dry season of the sampling period while varied between 13.21 ±0.73 to 25.23±0.42 μg/ml during the rainy season. The Pearsons correlation coefficient analysis done for total toxin concentration and the water quality parameters suggested that the water temperature (r=0.914, pvalue= 0.000), and the total phosphate concentration (r=0.988, p-value=0.000) have a strong positive correlation with the total MCLR concentration, while pH (r=0.766, p-value=0.002) has a moderate correlation for the production of total MCLR.

How to Cite: Idroos, S.F. & Manage, P.M., (2014). Seasonal occurrence of Microcystin-LR with respect to physico-chemical aspects of Beira lake water. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies. 1(2), pp.27–37. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/ijms.v1i2.49
Published on 31 Dec 2014.
Peer Reviewed

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