Reading: Configurationality and Mental Grammars: Sentences in Sinhala with Re-Duplicated Expressions

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Configurationality and Mental Grammars: Sentences in Sinhala with Re-Duplicated Expressions

Authors:

K.B. Prabath ,

Ritsumeikan University, JP
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M.G. Lalith Ananda

University of Sri Jayewardenepura, LK
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Abstract

Studies on Sinhala language (Indo-Aryan (SOV), spoken in Sri Lanka by the majority Sinhalese) concerning word order have posited different arguments where some researchers concluded that Sinhala is a non-configurational language, while some others argue for its configurational structure. The arguments for non-configuraionality can be attributed to the scrambling effects (free word-order possibility) in Sinhala which shows different ordering of constituents without affecting grammaticality. However, due to different semantic-pragmatic inferences provided by differently ordered sentences, Sinhala language may possess a configurational structure despite the surface manifestation of the free-word-order phenomenon. Using the nature of scrambling effects, this experimental study examined whether sentences in the canonical word order containing re-duplicated expressions could be processed faster than those with different word orders, and therefore to what extent such orders form an integral part of one's mental grammar, the I-language. The sample consisted of 20 native speakers of Sinhala and the data consisted of 60 Sinhala sentences with such reduplicated expressions. The presentation of the stimulus was controlled by a computer program DMDX (version 5.1.0.0). Both "yes" responses, and "no" responses were presented in randomly in the centre of the computer screen 600ms after the appearance of a line of asterisks '******' at the eye fixation point on the screen. The analysis confirmed that the reaction times were incongruent between different word orders: Subject-Object-Verb ordered (SOV/canonical) sentences were processed faster. Therefore, this study concluded that Sinhala sentences consisting of reduplicated expressions possess a configurational syntactic structure in terms of speed of processing and thus form part of one’s mental grammar whereas non-canonical word orders are the result of conscious syntactic transformations.

How to Cite: Prabath, K.B. & Ananda, M.G.L., (2017). Configurationality and Mental Grammars: Sentences in Sinhala with Re-Duplicated Expressions. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies. 3(2), pp.25–34. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/ijms.v3i2.4
Published on 28 Jan 2017.
Peer Reviewed

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