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Legal and Engineering Aspects of Deployable Black Boxes with Video Recording Capability

Authors:

Thusitha B. Abeysekara ,

General Sir John Kotelawala Defence University, LK
About Thusitha B.
Department of Civil Law, Faculty of Law
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H. Abimani Menuwansala Peiris

General Sir John Kotelawala Defence University, LK
About H. Abimani Menuwansala
Department of Aeronautical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering
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Abstract

Black box is a compilation of data produced by on-board and ground communications, specifically and inherently in digital nature; therefore it is a digital database and part of a discussion on protection of digital databases. The Existing Black box technology used in Commercial Aircraft is accommodated with Affixed type black boxes. However, if the Deployable black boxes are implemented with fixed black boxes as a dual combined recorder system, the discovery of crash location can be determined with more effectually than the present technology. The lives of the survivors, initiation of aircraft accident and investigation progression obtain safety recommendations to avoid similar happenstances will depend upon the accessibility to the crash location immediately by search and rescue organizations with the reliable information they achieved through satellite communications. Deployable Recorders will provide a backup source of flight data other than the fixed black box data; assist the investigators to carry out their investigations with more trustworthy information while implementing the video recording capability. A new idea has been introduced in this research to implement a mechanism to deploy a parachute with the ejection of the deployable recorder from the aircraft to minimize the impact during its dwindling to the ground. Not only in engineering but also the legal aspects of Deployable black boxes work along with the rights of the human beings. The legal aspect of the Deployable black boxes connect with aircraft accident and an incident investigation process can be discussed in the preview of domestic and international law; for example under the Convention on International Civil Aviation. Annex 13 of the Chicago Convention is endowed with the international requirements for the investigation of aircraft accidents and incidents. The protection over digital databases can be achieved through legal and technological means (Technological Protection Mechanisms-TPMs). The paper investigates the legal and engineering aspects of Black box technology used in Commercial Aircraft.
How to Cite: Abeysekara, T.B. and Peiris, H.A.M., 2017. Legal and Engineering Aspects of Deployable Black Boxes with Video Recording Capability. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, 4(1), pp.40–47. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/ijms.v4i1.35
Published on 26 Jul 2017.
Peer Reviewed

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